Salta is a fascinating and unusual wine region, quite unlike any other found on earth. The region is situated extremely close to the earth's equator, at a latitude which, in other countries, would render grapevines completely useless. However, the fact that Salta is also a wine region situated at a remarkably high altitude ensures that grapevines can indeed grow, and grow very well. Over the past few decades in Salta's key wine provinces of Cafayate and Molinos, wine production levels have increased dramatically as more wineries open to make the most of this remarkable and unique terroir. Salta's location ensures that the terroir is packed full of minerals, and enjoys wonderful climatic conditions, which ensure full ripeness and plenty of flavor and character in the resulting wines.
Anyone who has been the Mendoza area of Argentina may be surprised to find that this is one of the primary wine regions of the country, now comfortably sitting as the fifth largest producer of wine in the world. The Mendoza is an incredibly dry and arid desert, which receives as little as two hundred millimeters of rainfall per year, and supports very little life at all. We can thank the ancient technologies of the Huarpes Indians for Argentina's current booming wine trade, as they managed to irrigate the region by digging channels from the Mendoza river, thus creating an area which had enough access to water with which to grow vines. Not only this, but the grape which Argentina primarily uses for their wines â€“ Malbec â€“ actually flourishes in such conditions, as it is less likely to suffer from the rot it so often finds in the considerably damper regions of Europe it has its origins in. Such expertise and foresight has resulted in Argentina being able to produce high quality wines of both red and white types, with Malbec, Bonarda and Cabernet Sauvignon dominating the vineyards for red wines, and TorrontÃ©s, Chardonnay and Chenin Blanc making up for most of the white wine produced there.