The Vermentino grape varietal is a white wine grape thought to have originated in Spain. However, today it is most closely associated with Italian wines, and it is grown in much of northern Italy and on the islands of Sardinia and Corsica, where it is a highly important varietal for the production of both fine wines and flavorful table wines. Vermentino is popular with vintners, as it is an easy grape to grow, vigorous and highly resistant to the diseases and mildews which cause so many problems when it comes to other varietals. It produces wine which is pale and light in body and alcohol content, but which is refreshingly crisp and acidic, holding flavors of lime and green apple. As such, it is popular with those looking for a light and invigorating wine, perfect for drinking with seafood.
The beautiful region of Tuscany has been associated with wine production for almost three thousand years, and as such is one of the oldest and most highly respected wine producing regions in the world. The hot, sunny climate supports quite a wide range of grapes, but the grape varietals most widely grown across this large region are Sangiovese and Vernaccia, both of which are used in the production of Tuscany's most distinctive red and white wines. Cabernet Sauvignon and other imported grape varietals have also flourished there for over two hundred years, but it wasn't until the 1970's and the rise of the 'Super Tuscans' that they were widely used, when the fine wineries of the region began experimenting with Bordeaux style red wines to great effect.
For several decades in the mid to late twentieth century, Italy's reputation for quality wines took a fairly serious blow. This was brought about partly due to lack of regulation in certain regions, and too much regulation in others. This led to several wineries in the beautiful and highly fertile region of Tuscany making the bold move to work outside of the law, which they saw as responsible for the drop in quality in Tuscan wines. They believed that they had the expertise and the generations of experience necessary with which to make truly excellent, world class wines, and set about doing just that. These 'Super Tuscans', as they came to be known, quickly inspired the rest of Italy to improve their produce, and now, Italian wine producers in the twenty-first century are widely recognised to be amongst the best in the world. Regulation and law began to change, and wine drinkers across the globe woke up to the outstanding wines coming out of Italy, which are continuing to improve and impress to this day.