Varietal: Gruner Veltliner
Gruner Veltliner is a pale skinned white wine grape varietal most closely associated with central European countries such as Austria, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. In recent years, it has spread somewhat to several New World countries, where it is becoming gradually more popular and regularly seen in wine stores. One of the main attractions of this grape varietal for winemakers is the fact that it is highly versatile, and can be used for the production of several different wine styles, including young, dry white wines, excellent sparkling wines, and it is also a grape varietal which is well suited for aging Gruner Veltliner has the ability to express much of its terroir, and the best examples are generally those which are full of delightfully mineral-rich flavors alongside the more usual notes of citrus fruits and peach.
Austria's wine industry has long been based around the country's excellent white wines, the grapes of which grow in abundance across the vineyards in the lowlands, and in the hilly regions around the nation's capital of Vienna. However, Austria also has a strong, if small, red wine industry, based on the superb Pinot Noir, Zwiegelt and Blaufrankisch grapes which flourish in the sun-drenched vineyards in Burgenland, in the very east of the country and close to the Hungarian border. Here, the massive Austrian lakes provide plenty of moisture for the grapes, and the fine and sunny climate help the fruit reach full ripeness each year, and allow the grapes to express much of their wonderful terroir. The characterful and flavorful red wines of Burgenland have been popular for centuries, and remain an intriguing aspect of Austrian wine to this day.
For over four thousand years, Austria has been home to some of Europe's finest wines, with a strong domestic wine industry which is beginning to be once again recognized for its world class quality. All over the eastern part of the country, and even in the capital, Vienna, small wineries are working with the grape varietals which flourish in the country's hot summer climate and mineral rich soils, fed by the Danube and other great rivers which cross the flat lands of this part of Austria. Most commonly, wineries work with the GrÃ¼ner Veltliner grapes which grow so well here, and produce the dry and elegant white wines which typify Austria's viticultural produce. However, many other fine grape varietals are grown and used for a wide range of wine styles, including some extremely interesting sweet white wines similar to those found in neighboring Hungary.