The Judean Hills are one of the world's most culturally and historically important areas, with millennia of history which has helped to shape the world in which we live today. Wine production and vineyard cultivation has actually been taking place in this ancient region since Biblical times, making this essentially New World wine region a very old one indeed, and giving historical and traditional clout to the relatively small wineries which operate there. As with most of the wineries in Israel, those in the Judean Hills use mostly imported French varietals, first introduced to the region in the mid 19th century by the Rothschild family, who wanted to boost the wine industry of the country. Today, the Judean Hills produce the country's finest Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot wines.
America's favorite red wine passion, Merlot is known for its role, sometimes as the primary varietal, in the great wines of Bordeaux. It is, by nature, an earlier maturing grape than Cabernet Sauvignon, and tends to have rounder, plummier, more forward fruit with lower tannins so it is often used to soften and round out the edges of the more astringent Cabernet. It is the grape of choice in Pomerol and St. Emilion, and represents the basis for some of America's most popular red wines, particularly from Washington, Napa Valley, Sonoma Country, the Central Coast, Long Island, Texas, and yes, Colorado.