Year in, year out, France enjoys its prestigious reputation as the producer of the finest wines in the world. With a wine making history which spans several thousand years and owes its expertise to the Romans, it comes as little surprise that this most highly esteemed of the Old World wine countries continues to impress and enchant both novices and experts to this day. Despite the rise in quality of wines from neighboring European countries, not to mention the New World, the French wine industry continues to boom, with up to eight billion bottles being produced in recent years. However, France prides itself on always putting quality before quantity, and the wide range in fine produce is a testament to the dedication and knowledge of the wineries across the country. Indeed, from rich and complex reds to light and aromatic white wines, French wines are as varied and interesting as they are enjoyable to drink, making this country a firm favorite for wine lovers across the globe. The Rhone Valley of southern France is a particularly fascinating wine region, with a history that stretches back to at least six hundred BCE, when the ancient Greeks first began cultivating vines there. The region itself is split into two distinct sub-regions, with the northern sub-region being famed for its production of exceptional Syrah, Marsanne, Roussane and Viognier wines, packed full of interesting character and expressing the terroir found there. The southern sub-region is home to an enormous variety of grapes, and produces red, white and rosé wines, and some of the world's most famous and adored blended wines. The continental climate of the region is ideal for growing grapes, and the winds which blow from the Central Massif help temper the heat in the vineyards, leading to very ripe fruits holding plenty of flavor. Wines have been made in the Rhone Valley since the time of the Romans, who left behind the ruins of aqueducts and amphitheaters. The Rhone Valley stretches for 140 miles from Lyon to Avignon and is divided into two regions: north and south.
The wines of the north and south are as dramatically different as the climate and the landscape The warm-weather wines of the south tend to be thick, dark, rich blends of as many as nine different red grape varieties. Wines of the southern Rhone also include sweet fortified Muscats from Beaumes-de-Venise, and the burly reds and aromatic whites of the sun-baked vineyards of Chateauneuf-du-Pape.
In the cooler north, fragrant Viognier of Condrieu and the exotic Marsanne/Roussanne blend of white Hermitage are among the elegant whites. Red Hermitage, made from Syrah, is one of the world's great wines, at one time commanding prices to rival the First Growths of Bordeaux.