Within France, the one region most closely associated with fine white and rosé wines is surely the Loire Valley. With over eight controlled appellations, and a relatively large expanse of land covering this wide valley, the Loire Valley is an ideal location for wineries wishing to produce large quantities of excellent quality vines for their wine production. Indeed, this region has been associated with excellent white wines for over a thousand years, with it once being the favorite wine region for the crowned heads of England, France and beyond. Today, it produces a wide range of white wines, and several rosé and red varieties also. It is also widely celebrated for being home to some of France's most lively and fruity sparkling crémant wines, which more than match those produced in nearby Champagne. The river Loire, the longest river in France, flows north through the heart of France, then west where it empties into the Atlantic. For centuries it has provided an avenue for commerce and culture. No wonder, then, that the Loire Valley became a center for political power and wealth, ruled by an educated elite who built chateaux not as a base from which to tend their vineyards as in Bordeaux, but as a demonstration of their influence and prestige.
The Loire boasts a variety of soils and climate, from continental in the east to maritime in the west, and can produce any number of wines. The region is roughly divided into four areas: Pays Nantais, at the mouth of the river and home of Muscadet, Anjou, Touraine and the Central Vineyards. No special classification exists, although the AC system is in full swing--even the smallest areas with a distinctive style have their own appellations.