For centuries, wineries in Italy have prized their excellent Barbera grapes. This is a particularly vigorous varietal which grows well on many different soil types, so long as it has enough exposure to a Mediterranean style climate, with long, hot summers ideal for ripening the fruit and intensifying their unique flavors Barbera grapes are much loved in their native Italy and in many of the New World countries which are beginning to experiment with them, and their popularity has soared over recent years as more and more people are discovering their intense flavors of blueberries, raspberries and dried fruits. Many wineries prefer to age their grape juiced in oak barrels, which causes the Barbera varietal to pick up intense and spicy notes of vanilla and other such flavors, making for a delightfully complex yet light bodied wine perfect for drinking on sunny days.
n Italy, the region most closely associated with excellent quality red wines and characterful sparkling wines is Piedmont. This alpine region is located in the north-west of the country, and features beautiful foothills of the impressive mountain range which forms the nearby border between Italy, France and Switzerland. Wineries in Piedmont work with the Nebbiolo, Dolcetto and Barbera grapes which thrive in the warm, dry summers and cooler autumns, as well as the beautifully expressive Moscato grapes which are used for the sparkling Asti wines the region is famed for. For generations, these wineries have perfected the art of aging their red wines, and blending grape varietals to get the most out of each one, leading to a region known all over the world for the exceptional quality of its produce.
For several decades in the mid to late twentieth century, Italy's reputation for quality wines took a fairly serious blow. This was brought about partly due to lack of regulation in certain regions, and too much regulation in others. This led to several wineries in the beautiful and highly fertile region of Tuscany making the bold move to work outside of the law, which they saw as responsible for the drop in quality in Tuscan wines. They believed that they had the expertise and the generations of experience necessary with which to make truly excellent, world class wines, and set about doing just that. These 'Super Tuscans', as they came to be known, quickly inspired the rest of Italy to improve their produce, and now, Italian wine producers in the twenty-first century are widely recognised to be amongst the best in the world. Regulation and law began to change, and wine drinkers across the globe woke up to the outstanding wines coming out of Italy, which are continuing to improve and impress to this day.